Information On Brain Injuries

About the Brain

The brain is one of the largest and most complex organs in the human body. It is made up of more than 100,000,000,000 nerves that communicate in trillions of connections called synapses.

The brain is made up of many specialized areas that work together in order to function:
• The cortex is the outermost layer of brain cells. Thinking and voluntary movements begin in the cortex.
• Basic functions like breathing and sleep are controlled in the brain stem which is between the spinal cord and the rest of the brain.
• There are a cluster of structures in the center of the brain called the basal ganglia. The basal ganglia coordinate messages between different areas of the brain.
• The cerebellum is responsible for coordination and balance and is located at the base and the back of the brain.

The brain is also divided into several lobes:
• The frontal lobes are responsible for problem solving and judgment and motor function.
• The parietal lobes manage sensation, handwriting, and body position.
• The temporal lobes are involved with memory and hearing.
• The occipital lobes contain the brain's visual processing system.

The skull (cranium) helps protect the brain from injury.


Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI)

For something as complicated as Traumatic Brain Injury it can be very difficult to find the right words in order to be able to explain it in a meaningful and understandable way. Even a mild TBI can result in any one or more of:-
Asking someone who has no difficulties in any of these areas to try to imagine how any of these problems might impact on someone's normal daily life is an almost impossible task unless one can provide solid examples.

Of course, anyone suffering the after effects of such an injury understands those difficulties only too well. Or do they ?

For people who have only recently been injured the changes which they are experiencing can be confusing and bewildering. They can wonder what is happening to them and struggle just to get a handle on their "new self".

With that in mind these videos from YouTube may be of some use. How better to try to understand something than to hear someone else's first hand account of their own experiences?

This first set of videos is an honest, enlightening story from John Byler detailing his experiences in six parts (with some humourous touches), although the volume could do with being turned up a little.
"You Look Great!" : Inside a Traumatic Brain Injury [1 of 6] [9:52]
"You Look Great!" : Inside a Traumatic Brain Injury [2 of 6] [7:51]
"You Look Great!" : Inside a Traumatic Brain Injury [3 of 6] [9:41]
"You Look Great!" : Inside a Traumatic Brain Injury [4 of 6] [9:47]
"You Look Great!" : Inside a Traumatic Brain Injury [5 of 6] [7:43]
"You Look Great!" : Inside a Traumatic Brain Injury [6 of 6] [10:23]

For more information regarding brain injuries, please visit www.headway.org.uk


Effects

Brain Injury effects everybody differently. The more severe the brain injury, the more pronounced the long-term effects are likely to be. Survivors of more severe brain injury are likely to have complex long-term problems affecting their personality, their relationships and their ability to lead an independent life. Even with good rehabilitation, support and help in the community, survivors and their families are likely to face uncertain and challenging futures. The following information was taken from www.headway.org.uk. Visit their site for more information regarding the effects of brain injuries.
 

Cognitive

 

Physical

 

Emotional and Behaviour


Statistics About Brain Injuries